Principles of Biology 2
This is the second course of a two-semester introductory biology sequence for students interested in transferring to a four-year institution to pursue a degree in biology or other science-related discipline. Together, BIOL 120 and BIOL 130 provide science majors with a comprehensive introduction to biology. In this course, students will attend four hours of lecture and three hours of lab each week to study the evolution and diversity of living organisms, plant and animal anatomy and physiology, animal behavior and ecology.
(A requirement that must be completed before taking this course.)
- BIOL 120 with 2.0+ grade point or consent of department.
Upon successful completion of the course, the student should be able to:
- Explain how natural selection, genetic drift and gene flow can alter allele frequencies in a population.
- Explain how geographic and reproductive isolation leads to speciation and maintains species diversity.
- Explain how structural and functional adaptations contribute to prokaryotic success.
- Identify the factors that promote genetic diversity in prokaryotes.
- Contrast the differences between Domain Bacteria and Domain Archaea.
- Evaluate, through experimentation, the effectiveness of antibiotics and disinfectants on the growth of gram negative and gram positive bacteria.
- Differentiate the major groups of protists through the examination of living and preserved specimens.
- Identify the key evolutionary adaptations that led to the emergence of seed plants.
- Identify the major clades of land plants.
- Identify, through dissection and microscopic examination, the anatomical structures involved in plant growth, development and nutrient transport.
- Characterize the unique features of the fungal life cycle.
- Summarize the key roles fungi play in nutrient cycling, ecological interactions, and human welfare.
- Distinguish the key characteristics shared by members of the animal kingdom.
- Construct a phylogenetic tree that accurately reflects the evolutionary history of major animal phyla.
- Identify, through the examination of living and preserved specimens, characteristics and species belonging to the major invertebrate phyla.
- Relate the events of the Cambrian explosion to the vast diversity of animal species.
- Identify, through the examination of living and preserved specimens, characteristics and species belonging to the major vertebrate phyla.
- Outline the major evolutionary events within the hominids that led to the emergence of modern humans.
- Identify, through dissection, the structure and function of organ systems in invertebrates and vertebrates.
- Explain how both genetic makeup and environment contribute to the development of animal behavior.
- Explain how the interactions between organisms and the environment determine species diversity and composition.
- Identify the dynamic biological processes that influence population density, dispersion, and demographics.
- Assess the ecological health and stability of aquatic ecosystems through the collection and analysis of physical and biological data.
- Outline the principles of energy transfer and nutrient cycling within ecosystems.
- Explain how human activities can disrupt chemical cycles on Earth and lead to global ecological problems.
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